As a backyard or urban beekeeper, you will need to ensure that your honeybees can find the pollen and nectar they need to build and support a healthy hive, and in the process, produce quality honey. Though your bees will go into other backyards and gardens to forage for pollen and nectar, your backyard should provide a plethora of flowers and plants that will provide the necessities for your bee colony.
Plants with high nectar and/or pollen content are the best plants to fill your garden with. The following ten plants are particularly attractive to honeybees due to their high nectar and/or pollen content:
- Borage (Borago offcinalis)
- Lemon Balm/Melissa (Melissa officinalis)
- Phacelia (Phacela tanacetifolia)
- White Sweet Clover (Melilotus alba)
- Echium (Echium vulgare)
- Coriander (Coriandrum sativum)
- Yellow Sweet Clover (Melilotus officinalus)
- Goldenrod (Solidago)
- Cornflower/Bachelor’s Button (Centaurea cyanus)
- Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)
You will need to check with your local nursery to see which of these plants are the best for your climate and area of the country. You should also consult with other local beekeepers to learn about other plants that are high in nectar and pollen that will contribute to higher rates of honey production.
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